Background and purpose
Ecorys has carried out a monitoring study for the maritime cluster, on behalf of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment and in cooperation with Maritime by Holland (Stichting Nederland Maritiem Land). The maritime cluster consists of the following maritime sectors: shipping, shipbuilding, offshore, inland shipping, dredging, ports, navy, fishing, maritime services, yachtbuilding/watersport industry and marine equipment supply. The study consists of a description and analysis of the economic and labour market for 2016 as well as the trends on these markets for the years 2006-2016.
Methodology and comparison with the Maritime Monitor 2016
Compared to the previous Maritime Monitor 2015 the methodology has not been changed. Due to the fact that the Dutch Central Bureau of Statistics has revised their statistics for the years 2010 and beyond, the figures for the period 2006-2009 have been calculated based on the trends reported in the Maritime Monitor 2013 over the same period. This trend has been projected on the calculated figures for 2010 in order to achieve a continuous timeline from 2006 until 2010.
As a result the figures presented in this Monitor are the current best available figures for the different Dutch maritime sectors and cluster.
The Dutch maritime cluster in 2016
In 2016, the direct and indirect production value was almost € 55 billion. The total value added amounted to around € 23 billion, including € 5 billion indirect value added. This means the maritime cluster generates 3.3% of the total GDP of the Netherlands (2015: 3.5%). The sector provided employment for around 271,000 people, which is 3.0% of total employment in the Netherlands (2015: 3.0%). Of these jobs, 166,000 were direct employment.
Total employment (direct plus indirect) in the Dutch maritime cluster increased in 2016 by 1.1% (3,000 persons) compared to 2015 employment figures. This increase was only due to an increase in indirect employment, direct employment decreased by 0.2%. Total value added (direct plus indirect) of the maritime cluster decreased by 2.2%. This means that with more people less money is earned. In 2016, with regard to employment, the maritime cluster performed in the same way as the Dutch economy as a whole where employment increased with 1.1%. With regard to Dutch GDP however, that increased with 2.8% in 2016, the maritime cluster performed worse with a decrease of 2.2% (direct plus indirect value added). Total exports of the maritime cluster amounted to around € 25 billion in 2016. This means the cluster has a share of 4.4% of total Dutch exports of goods and services.
The graphs below present the index figures of the developments in direct value added and direct employment per maritime sector, for the period 2006-2016 (2006 is the base year and set at 100). Shipping, fishing and shipbuilding generated a (direct) value added in 2016 which was below the level of 2006. For the shipping sector this is caused by low tariffs resulting from overcapacity in the sector. In the fishing sector and the shipbuilding industry the lower value added results from a lower employment number. The added value of the navy has declined due to a cutback in expenses.
The number of (direct) employees is more stable in 2016 compared to 2006 than the value added. In the sector ports, the number of employees increased relatively the most during this period, followed by the sectors dredging, offshore, maritime services and shipping. Employment in the sectors navy, fishing, shipbuilding and yachtbuilding/watersports industry declined. In inland shipping, marine equipment supply and yachtbuilding/watersports industry (direct) employment remained stable.